NBI Research

The National Biomechanics Institute is committed to the scientific method. Our team of scientists are continuously involved in original research investigations and dissemination of our findings in high impact peer-reviewed scientific publications.The following is a selection of peer-reviewed research conducted by NBI scientists and experts.

2019

2019

Lee F, Ngo C, McCleery C, Hashish R, Limousis-Gayda M. Delta-V Thresholds for Frontal Airbag Deployment in Bumper-Bumper and Underride Collisions. SAE World Congress. Detroit, Michigan, April 2019.

Deng W, Trujillo-Priego IA, Lane CJ, Smith BA. How many days are necessary to represent an infant’s typical daily leg movement behavior using wearable sensors? Journal of Physical Therapy. In-Review.

Trujillo-Priego IA, Werner IF, Deng W, Smith BA. Infant Leg Activity Intensity Before and After Naps. Journal of Infant Behavior and Development. In-Review.

Abrishami MS, Nocera L, Koc M, Trujillo-Priego IA, Purushotham S, Shahab, Smith BA. Identification of Developmental Delay in Infants using Wearable Sensors: Full-Day Leg Movement Statistical Feature Analysis. Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine, IEEE. In-Review.

Limousis-Gayda M, Lee F, Hashish R. A Proposed Algorithm to Assess Concussion Potential in Rear-End Motor Vehicle Collisions: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Biomechanics. In-Preparation.

Limousis-Gayda M, Huang T, Hashish R. Incidence of Brain Injury Across American Youth Sports. Clinical Biomechanics. In-Preparation.

2019

2018

2018

Limousis-Gayda M, Hashish R. The Use of 3DSSPP for Motor Vehicle Accidents. Human Factors & Ergonomics Society (HFES) Europe Chapter Conference. Berlin, Germany. October 2018.

Hashish R, Komari O, Limousis-Gayda M. Determining Cervical Disc Injury Potential in Motor Vehicle Collisions. American Society of Biomechanics. Rochester, Minnesota. August 2018.

Limousis-Gayda M, Hashish R, Kranjac D, Lee F. The Effect of Technology on Pedestrian and Driver Behavior. International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics. Orlando, Florida. July 2018.

Komari O, Hashish R. The Bracing Paradox: Should Occupants Brace During Frontal Motor Vehicle Collisions? World Congress of Biomechanics. Dublin, Ireland. July 2018.

Borad A, Trujillo-Priego IA, Rosales M, Smith BA. Estimation of typical duration of infant activities across a full day. NASPSPA. Denver, CO. June 2018.

Shida-Tokeshi J, Lane CJ, Trujillo-Priego IA, Deng W, Vanderbilt DL, Loeb GE, Smith BA. Relationships between full-day arm movement characteristics and developmental status in infants with typical development as they learn to reach: An observational study. Gates Open Res. 2018 Apr 5;2:17.

Lee F, Coughlin R. Products, Appliances, Vehicles, Systems. Combined Claims Conference, Anaheim, CA. March 2018.

2018

2017

2017

Hashish R, Badday H. Frequency of Acute Cervical and Lumbar Pathology in Common Types of Motor Vehicle Accidents: A Retrospective Record Review. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 2017.

Hashish R, Toney-Bolger ME, Sharpe SS, Lester BD, Mulliken A. Texting During Stair Negotiation and Implications for Fall Risk. Gait & Posture, 2017. 58: 409-414.

Lee F, Xing P, Yang M, Lee J, Wilkinson C, Siegmund GP, “Behavior of Toyota Airbag Control Modules Exposed to Low and Mid-Severity Collision Pulses (SAE Technical Paper 2017-01-1438),” Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers, 2017.

Trujillo-Priego IA, Lane CJ, Vanderbilt DL, Deng W, Loeb GE, Shida J, Smith BA. Development of a wearable sensor algorithm to detect the quantity and kinematic characteristics of infant arm movement bouts produced across a full day in the natural environment. Technologies 2017, 5(3), 39.

Trujillo-Priego IA, Smith BA. Kinematic Characteristics of Infant Leg Movements Produced Across a Full Day. Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering 2017 Volume 4: 1–10.

Amrine MB, Maroofian M, Trujillo-Priego IA, Smith BA. Positive feedback device to promote Early leg movement in infants at risk for developmental delay. IEEE-NIH 2017 Special Topics Conference on Healthcare Innovations and Point-of-Care Technologies. November 2017.

Komari O, Hashish R. The Effect of Pre-Existing Damage on Delta-V Calculations in Rear End Vehicle Collisions. American Society of Civil Engineers. Duluth, MN. September 2017.

Trujillo-Priego IA, Smith BA. Hour by hour analysis of infant leg movement durations across a day. Poster presentation, Society for the Neural Control of Movement Annual Meeting. May 2017

Hashish R, Toney-Bolger ME, Sharpe SS, Lester BD. Texting During Stair Negotiation and Implications for Fall Risk. American Society of Biomechanics Midwest. Grand Rapids, MI. February 2017.

2017

2016

2016

Hashish R, Samarawickrame S, Baker L, Salem GJ. The Influence of a Bout of Exertion on Novice Barefoot Running Dynamics.  Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 2016. 15: 327-334.

Hashish, R, Samarawickrame S, Sigward S, Azen SP, Salem GJ.  Lower-limb dynamics and clinical outcomes for habitually shod runners who transition to barefoot running.  Physical Therapy in Sport, 2016.

Lester BD, Hashish R, Kim R, Moorman H, Hildebrand E, Schwark J, Rauschenberger R, Young D. Mobile device usage influences gaze patterns to obstacles during locomotion. The Industrial & Systems Engineering Research Conference, 2016.

Kim R, Lester BD, Hashish R, Cades D, Moorman H, Young D. Gaze behavior during curb approach: The effect of mobile device use. Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 2016.

Hashish R, Samarawickrame S, Powers CM, Salem GJ. Lower Limb Dynamics Vary in Habitually Shod Runners who Acutely Transition to Barefoot Running, 2016. Journal of Biomechanics. 49: 284-288.

Xing P, Lee F, Flynn T, Wilkinson C, Siegmund G. Comparison of the Accuracy and Sensitivity of Generation 1, 2, and 3 Toyota Event Data Recorders in Low-Speed Collisions (SAE Technical Paper 2016-01-1494). Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers: International Journal of Transportation Safety, 2016.

Hunter R, Fix R, Lee F, King D. Using Force-Displacement Data to Predict the EBS of Car into Barrier Impacts (SAE Technical Paper 2016-01-1483). Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers, 2016.

Trujillo-Priego IA. Preparing for the Biotech Decade. University of Southern California, East LA College. Guest speaker. October 2016.

Trujillo-Priego IA, Smith BA. Wearable Sensor Algorithm to Identify Bouts of Infant Arm Movement Across a Full Day. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Orlando , FL. August 2016.

Smith BA, Trujillo-Priego IA. Using full-day infant leg movement assessment to predict developmental outcomes. IVSTEP. Columbus, OH. July 2016.

Smith BA, Trujillo-Priego IA. Toward using full-day infant leg movement assessment to target early intervention services. The Administration for Children and Families’ National Research Conference on Early Childhood. Washington, DC. July 2016.

Hashish R, Lester BD, Mulliken A, Koehring J, Perlmutter S. Texting Affects Gait Metrics Associated with Slips, Trips, and Falls. The Industrial & Systems Engineering Research Conference, Anaheim, CA, May 2016.

Trujillo-Priego IA, Smith BA.  Full day kinematic differences in leg movements between infants with typical development and at risk of developmental delay. Society for the Neural Control of Movement. Montego Bay, Jamaica. May 2016.

Trujillo-Priego IA, Smith BA. Use of inertial sensors for determining type of infant leg movement performed across a full day. Combined Sections Meeting of the American Physical Therapy Association. Anaheim, CA. February 2016.

2016

2015

2015

Hashish R. Staggering Epidemiological Data Indicates the Need for a Paradigm Shift in Ergonomic Standards of Older Adult Footwear.  Journal of Ergonomics, 2015. 7: Open Access.

Hashish R, Samarawickrame S, Wang MY, Yu SY, Salem GJ. The Association Between Unilateral Heel Rise Performance with Static and Dynamic Balance in Community Dwelling Older Adults. Geriatric Nursing, 2015. 36: 30-34.

Smith, B.A.; Trujillo-Priego, I.A.; Lane, C.J.; Finley, J.M.; Horak, F.B. Daily Quantity of Infant Leg Movement: Wearable Sensor Algorithm and Relationship to Walking Onset. Sensors 2015, 15, 19006-19020.

Trujillo-Priego IA, Smith BA. Breaking the wall of impaired infant development. Falling Walls Laboratory Finals Competition. Berlin, Germany. November 2015.

Trujillo-Priego IA, Smith BA. Use of inertial sensors for determining rate of leg movement in infants. American Society of Neurorehabilitation. Washington, DC. November 2015.

Trujillo-Priego IA, Smith BA. Use of inertial sensors for determining kinematic characteristics of infant leg movement. Society for Neuroscience and American Society for Neurorehabilitation. Chicago, IL. October 2015.

Dubois AM, Hashish R, Samarawickrame SD, Salem GJ. Changes in Joint Contributions to the Support Impulse During an Acute Transition to Barefoot Running. American College of Sports Medicine, San Diego, CA, May 2015.

2015

2014

2014

Trujillo-Priego IA, Smith BA. Breaking the wall of identification of impaired infant development. Falling Walls Laboratory Bay Area Competition (Winner). San Francisco, CA. September 2015.

McKinley I, Lee F, Pilon L. A Novel Thermodynamic Energy Conversion Cycle. Applied Energy, vol. 126, pp. 78-89, 2014.

Hashish R, Samarawickrame SD, Salem GJ. A Comparison of Dorsal and Heel Plate Foot Tracking Methods on Lower Extremity Dynamics. Journal of Biomechanics, 2014. 47:1211-1214.

Hashish R, Samarawickrame S, Gaur K, Salem GJ. Do Western Shoe Runners Inherently Adopt the Habituated Barefoot Pattern. World Congress of Biomechanics. Boston, MA. July 2014.

Samrawickrame S, Hashish R, Ward S, Colletti P, Salem G. Calf and Foot Muscle Adaptations in Western Shod Runners After a Transition to Barefoot Running. World Congress of Biomechanics. Boston, MA. July 2014.

2014

2013

2013

Wang MY, Yu SS, Hashish R, Samarawickrame SD, Kazadi L, Greendale GA, Salem GJ. The biomechanical demands of standing yoga poses in seniors: The Yoga Empowers Seniors Study (YESS). BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2013. Open Access.

Salem GJ, Yu SS, Wang MY, Samarawickrame SD, Hashish R, Greendale GA. Physical Demands of Hatha Yoga Postures Performed by Older Adults. Evidenced-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2013. Open Access.

Lee F, Jo H, Lynch C, Pilon L. Pyroelectric Energy Conversion Using PLZT Ceramics and the Ferroelectric–Ergodic Relaxor Phase Transition. Smart Materials and Structures, vol.22, No.2, 025038, 2013.

Hashish R, Samarawickrame SD, Salem GJ. The Association Between Heel-Rise Performance and Static Balance in Community Dwelling Older Adults. International Society of Biomechanics. Natal, Brazil. August 2013.

Hashish R, Samarawickrame SD, Gaur K, Salem GJ. Tibialis Posterior Muscle Activation Strategies in Novice Barefoot Runners Before and After Exertion. International Society of Biomechanics – Footwear Biomechanics Group. Natal, Brazil. July 2013.

Samarawickrame SD, Hashish R, White E, Ward S, Colletti P, SalemGJ. Validity and Reliability of Foot Muscle Volume Determination by Magnetic Resonance Imaging. International Society of Biomechanics. Natal, Brazil. August 2013.

Samarawickrame SD, Hashish R, Gaur K, Salem GJ. Adaptations in Plantar-flexor Performance and Length-Tension Relationship following a transition from Shod to Barefoot running. International Society of Biomechanics – Footwear Biomechanics Group Bi-Annual Conference, Brazil, July 2013.

2013

2012

2012

Chin T, Lee F, McKinley I, Goljahi S, Lynch C, Pilon L. Direct Thermal to Electrical Energy Conversion Using 9.5/65/35 PLZT Ceramics in the Ergodic Relaxor Phase. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, vol. 59, no. 11, pp. 2373-2385, 2012.

Yu SS, Wang MY, Samarawickrame S, Hashish R, Kazadi L, Greendale GA, Salem GJ. The Physical Demands of the Tree (Vriksasana) and One-Leg Balance (Utthita Hasta Padangusthasana) Poses Performed by Seniors: A Biomechanical Examination. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2012. Open Access.

Lee F, Goljahi S, McKinley I, Lynch C, Pilon L. Pyroelectric Waste Heat Energy Harvesting Using Relaxor Ferroelectric 8/65/35 PLZT and the Olsen Cycle,” Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 21, no.2, 025021, 2012.

Lee F, Navid A, Pilon L. Pyroelectric Waste Heat Energy Harvesting Using Heat Conduction. Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 37, May 2012, pp. 30-37, 2012.

Chin T, Lee F, McKinley I, Goljahi S, Lynch C, Pilon L. Pyroelectric Energy Harvesting of Relaxor Ferroelectric 9.5/65/35 PLZT Using the Olsen Cycle (HT 2012-58488). ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference, SHTC 2012. Rio Grande, Puerto Rico. July 2012.

Lee F, Goljahi S, McKinley I, Lynch C, Pilon L. Pyroelectric Energy Conversion Using Relaxor Ferroelectric 8/65/35 PLZT and the Olsen Cycle (MNHMT 2012-75153). ASME International Conference on Micro/Nanoscale Heat Transfer. MNHT 2012. Atlanta, GA. January 2012.

Lee F, Navid A, Pilon L. Pyroelectric Energy Harvesting of Copolymer P(VDF-TrFE) Heated and Cooled by Heat Conduction (MNHMT 2012-75155). ASME International Conference on Micro/Nanoscale Heat Transfer. MNHMT 2012. Atlanta, GA. January 2012.

Samarawickrame SD, Hashish R, Gaur K, Salem GJ. Exertion Modulates Ankle Joint Co-Activation During Novel Barefoot and Post-Transition Barefoot Running Conditions. American Society of Biomechanics. August 2012.

Hashish R, Samarawickrame S, Gaur K, Salem GJ. Mechanical Demand Distribution During Shod and Novice Barefoot Running. American Society of Biomechanics. August 2012.

Samarawickrame SD, Hashish R, Gaur K, Salem GJ. Adaptive Changes in Plantar-flexor Performance Following a Transition from Shod to Barefoot Running. American College of Sports Medicine. June 2012.

Hashish R, Samarawickrame SD, Gaur K, Salem GJ. Adaptation of Contact Dynamics Following an Eight-Week Transition from Shod to Barefoot Running. American College of Sports Medicine. June 2012.

Wang MY, Yu SS, Haines M, Hashish R, Samarawickrame SD, Greendale GA, Salem GJ. Can Yoga Improve Balance Performance in Older Adults? American College Sports Medicine. June 2012.

Hashish R, Samarawickrame S, Powers CM, Salem GJ. Foot Contact Patterns and Joint Demands in Novice Barefoot Runners Before and After Exertion. APTA Combined Sections Meeting. February 2012.

2012

2011

2011

Samarawickrame S, Wang M-Y, Hashish R, Yu S-Y, Haines M, Mulwitz L, Greendale G, Salem G. Biomechanical Characteristics of the Modified Downward Facing Dog Yoga Pose in Healthy Older Adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc. June 2011; 43(5): S652.

Hashish R, Samarawickrame S, Wang M-Y, Yu S-Y, Tsai LC, Salem G. The Influence Of Different Marker Sets On Lower Extremity Dynamics During Walking. Med Sci Sports Exerc. June 2011; 43(5): S639.

Yu SY, Wang MY, Haines M, Mulwitz L, Hashish R, Samarawickrame S, Kazadi L, Greendale G, Salem G. Lower-extremity Joint Kinematics in Older Adults Performing the Warrior I Pose of Hatha Yoga. Med Sci Sports Exerc. June 2011; 43(5): S652.

Hashish R, Samarawickrame SD, Wang MY, Yu SY, Salem GJ. Normalized Knee Extensor Strength and TUG Performance in Community Dwelling Older Adults. Physical Therap.  June 2011.

Samarawickrame SD, Hashish R, Salem GJ. Kinematic and kinetic differences between shod and barefoot running. American Society of Biomechanics. August 2011.

Hashish R, Samarawickrame SD, Salem GJ. Ground reaction forces in barefoot running before and after exertion. American Society of Biomechanics. August 2011.

Wang MY, Yu SS, Hashish R, Samarawickrame SD, Haines M, Mulwitz L, Kazadi L, Greendale GA, Salem GJ. Biomechanics demands of therapeutic hatha yoga poses in older adults: modified chair and downward facing dog. American Society of Biomechanics. August 2011.

Yu SS, Wang MY, Mulwitz L, Haines M, Samarawickrame SD, Hashish R, Kazadi L, Greendale GA, Salem GJ. Conventional wisdom regarding yoga pose modification may not benefit healthy older adults: examining the modified tree pose. American Society of Biomechanics. August 2011.

2011

2008

2008

Kelly VE, Schang AY, Hashish R, Eastman JR, Shumway-Cook A. Effects of Instructional Prioritization and Task Difficulty on Concurrent Walking and Cognitive Task Performance in Healthy Young Adults. J Neurol Phys Ther. 2008; 32(4): 218.

2008